Melatonin is a hormone found naturally in the body. Melatonin used as a medication is usually done synthetically in a laboratory.
It is most commonly available in pill form, but melatonin is also available in forms that can be placed on the cheek or under the tongue. This allows melatonin to be absorbed directly into the body.
People use melatonin to adjust the internal clock of the body. It is used for time-shift syndrome, to adjust sleep-wake cycles in people whose daily work program changes (shift work disorder), and to help blind people set up a day and night cycle.
Melatonin is also used for inability to fall asleep (insomnia); Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSP); Insomnia associated with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); Insomnia due to certain medications for high blood pressure called beta-blockers; and sleep problems in children with developmental disorders such as autism, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disability.
It is also used as a sleep aid after stopping the use of benzodiazepine drugs and to reduce the side effects of quitting.
Some people use melatonin for Alzheimer’s disease, ringing in the ears, depression, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fibromyalgia, migraine and other headaches, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bone loss (osteoporosis ), a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (DT), epilepsy, as an anti-aging agent, for menopause, and for birth control.
How does it work?
The main task of melatonin in the body is to regulate day and night cycles or sleep-wake cycles.
The darkness causes the body to produce more melatonin, which tells the body to prepare to sleep. Light decreases the production of melatonin and the signals of the body to prepare to be awake.
Some people who have trouble sleeping have low levels of melatonin. It is believed that the addition of melatonin from supplements could help to sleep. You can buy melatonin håndkøb from many drug stores or via Amazon. Take your pick of where to buy from.